Sotware engineering for telecoms
Engineering and services in office automation, data processing, electronics..., industrial automation
Wireless telecommunications, IP, Wimax, Backhaul et radio
360 is specialising in electrical and electronic engineering and yachting. It specifically focuses its activities on the refit, repair, and consultancy services dedicated to large luxury yachts.
Research & development activities for voice applications over Internet protocol.
IT Consulting and video protection over IP
Management and information technology consulting organization, application of new technology to enable new business strategies.
Internet and telecoms solutions provider
Software design & development for social security recovering department.
Electronic document management system, optical recognition of characters, solutions integrator, specific developments, training.
Open Source Solutions to accelerate application and virtualisation
Conception and development of automated and computer based systems, process control and monitoring, factory automation, building control.
'Subcontracting, training and development in software
Sale, maintenance and repair of computers. Training for SMEs and individual persons.
Management Consulting, Information Technology Consulting, Computer Engineering
Consultants in data processing
Electronic equipment of yachts
Internet services, web design, Hosting, Training center, advertising supports. Communication agency.
'Product definition, development and operation of worldwide data processing systems for both passenger and freight traffics
IT consulting company: studies and software development, software integration and validation, operational maintenance, quality insurance, project management, systems and networks administration.
Data processing engineering: surveys and software development, software integration and validation, quality control, maintenance, implementation, network and system management administration.
ALCADE is a solution integrator PROCAD-GPAO : Production process management software – GPAO, and websites integrator. Other activities: web housing, design, and ranking.
Design, manufacture and marketing of a comprehensive line of networking products and services
Websites creation, hosting and referencing
Web development based upon Open Source technologies, Portals, SDSL & VOIP , Internet hosting, e-marketing.
Engineering services in data processing specialized in networks and telecommunications.
Development of data processing softwares, training and data processing networks management
Asset management tools development
Software services and engineering, temporary assignment, technical support
Web agency: design and development of Inter, Intra and Extranet sites, technology integrator.
Network management, business development in Europe.
Official Cisco training center, advising and certififying in the field of networks and telecoms
Scientific software engineering
Consulting and engineering in advances technology.
Engineering & IT Consulting company
Product definition, development & management of the computerised reservation system intended for travel agents (airlines, hotels, car rentals, railways...).
Pan-European center that provides interactive solutions for corporate travel.
Headquarters. Activities of mobile telephony under the Cellular Telecom signage.
Development of commercial support softwares for mobile sales force
English information provider
Marine electronics: auido visual, satellite communication and IT installation and service for the yachting industry
Specializing in technical translation, Anthea Languages proposes a comprehensive solution for the internationalization of software, web sites, multimedia presentations…
Data processing and telecommunications
Development of location-based services.
Manufacture and distribution of various security electronic equipment
A technology leader in universal voice, video and data web communication for interactive conferencing/collaboration and training applications.
RISC processor, IP, microelectronic
Design, manufacturing and marketing of contactleses smart cards; contactless paper tickets and RFID smart paper label.
Advise and development of data processing solutions, networks and associated services, sale of equipment and training.
As in integrator of services and developer of solutions, Assystem deals with two problem areas of industrial companies: the control and optimising of production systems and the development of new products and the resultant adaptation of production tools and processes.
Software house for the Telecom, E-services, Hard/Soft-codesign and space sectors.
Consultancy and design of information systems in the field of bank and insurance (R&D centre)
Data processing engineering company specialized in networks, telecommunications, Internet and embedded softwares.
AUSY is specialized in high tech services and consultancy for industrial and tertiary sectors. AUSY expertise covers data processing and electronics, information systems and networks, and mechanics.
Software company in image processing for digital effects and computer graphics
Software services and products for the management of equipment, networks and services
Training on new technologies of information and communication including solutions for multimedia resource centre operation.
Providing services in computing systems (analysis, development, system and network) and in micro-electronic fields.
Housing of websites and related servers, domain name registration, and website optimization.
Software developement for e-commerce
Technical regional agency for a cellular telephone network (DCS)
Wireless telecommunication solutions, based on BLUETOOTH
Consulting, systems integration and outsourcing information systems design, development, implementation, operations and support ( project management and assistance)
Sotware development for the microelectronics industry.
Castlink activities cover: 1- Design and marketing of business management softwares : implementation of multilingual and FIS/OIS tools. 2- Advice, surveys and training: operational, management, accounting and reporting systems, auditing, business plans, financial simulations, dashboard creation (Business Intelligence Solutions).
Contact: 627 chemin Font Cuberte
06560 — Valbonne
Tél. : 04 93 12 06 90
FAX : 04 93 12 08 90
Services in data processing engineering applied to telecoms, networks, software creation.
Development of data processing softwares, sales & training, LGI ALEXIUM developer (registered trademark), accounting, commercial & production management.
Centile provides VoiP applications software and solutions that enable turnkey delivery of multi-tenant, multi-tier, multi-location IP telephony services to enterprises and residential users.
Integrated circuit design for telecommunications.
Data processing for regional welfare offices.
CertiMate specializes in secure electronic transaction solutions for professional and industrial users.
Providing a home for companies and schools active in the field of advanced communications and for events and exhibitions dealing with this area of activity.
Software development for pharmacies
Research & development, and commercial support in networks interconnection sector.
Defense against audiovisual piracy.
Real time software development, and data bases exploitation for industrial applications.
Software studies and development for welfare.
Mobile equipment security and management through hertzian networks
Software package publishers for events management (imx).
Telecom operator. Services to companies. Broadband fiber optic local network management.
Micro computers distribution, fitting and maintenance
PSA solution for services companies and IT departments.
Software sales on internet
Operator services in fixed and mobile telecommunications
Web agency: Web site development (internet - intranet).
Electronic equipment for engines and power generation units
Development of automation solutions for enterprise IT management
Selling network security: providing the world's highest performing open security appliances platforms
CSR is the worldwide leader in bluetooth industry; it specializes in the design and manufacturing of bluetooth chips for wireless applications such as mobile phones, PCs, and vehicles.
Center research, consultancy, technology evaluation and dissemination of knowledge in the field of building.
Social security regional data processing centre
Video software solutions
Software publishers: real time 3D animation of industrial CAD models.
Technical project management for telecoms and multimedia
Demtech's expertise is in fine-tuning prototypes for M2M wireless networks
Software editor specialized in the development of multilingual tools: translation, copywriting, proofreading and corrections.
Sales, setting and maintenance of data processing systems.
European development sales and service headquarter for professional direct to disk digital video recorder/player for the post-production and broadcast
Development and marketing of software for the marine architecture and industry. Naval architecture and marine engineering services.
Electronic equipment for engines and power generation units
Operator IP telephony for businesses
Electrical and electronic Engineering
Consulting & services company, microelectronics & electronics design center in the fields of telecom, medical, automotive, consumer electronics and home automation
Engineering, rental and maintenance of data processing equipment.
Network installation and maintener electronic decurity - video systems
IT and telecommunications services consultancies and outsourcing, permanent recruitment and HR outsourcing company.
Data processing services and consultancy.
ELONSYS develops solutions for verification, industrialization and quality in the field of microelectronics
Support and consultancy in electronic design and development of embedded softwares.
IT consulting and services applied to the semiconductor industry.
Design of surface acoustic Wave Giltess for Telecom, automotive, multimedia applications. SAW R&D projects
Specialist publisher in online training and communication solutions: e-learning, training management, online evaluation and communication, and web marketing.
Global IP and data services, providing network solutions and a portfolio of products and services to global businesses
European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics dedicated to the advancement of European research and development, in the areas of information technology and applied mathematics. European projects and internship program management.
Software developments for telecoms and high technologies
Establishment of telecommunications standards.
National operator delivering the European Computer Driving Licence for companies and institutional bodies.
Short term rental of office, IT and AV equipment (computers, monitors, fax and copymachines..) admission passes, temporary networ? (ADSL, WI-FI LAN, plug and play...), copy services.
Software services and software engineering - Project management.
Design and development of electronic systems and integrated circuits.
Marketing studies, promotion and commercialization of light torpedos weapon systems and associated logistic supports.
Information, analytical and marketing services
Specialized in localization: translation cost reduction technologies; localization and internationalization
Research and development for the telecommunications and radio industries.
Advisory services on IT, IT management and e-business
IT Security solutions. Antivirus firewalls. Technical support EMEA
Réalisation de logiciels
Development of audiovisual products, 3D computer images, consultancy in multimedia, image communication, computer imaging
GEMALTO Sophia Antipolis develops and markets secure solutions that enable mobile telephones to communicate with existing contactless ticketing and secure payment infrastructures and provide applications such as transit tickets, stored-value payment, loyalty and many others applications into Near Field Communication (NFC) mobile devices.
Image processing techniques applied to digital mapping
Development of geometric software components, maintenance and support, training and consulting.
Data processing services and integration of systems
Web design, web development
Localization and translation of Internet sites and softwares. Immediate software translation.
Web hosting, Dedicated servers, domain names management.
Specialist in Hi-Fi and Home Theater
Consultancy Systems and networks. Software development
Data processing services and engineering
Research laboratory in telecommunication
Web HLP smile
Data processing centre Europe (computing assistance for all Honeywell European subsidiaries)
Software engineering centre.
IT recruitment and IT Services. R&D department on Mobile applications and innovative development framework for smartphones and mobile devices
Design and manufacture of industrial computing solutions
R&D mobile communication
Publishing & Multimedia
Programming environment design.
EDM, all sizes documents scanning, Workflow, Intranet solutions, Knowledge Management
Real estate software development
Scientific fundamental research and application development.
Design, development and marketing of collaborative web content management systems.
Specialized domain name registrar since 1997. INDOM is a registered trademark of INDOMCO. INDOM is Icann accredited registrar (.com .net. .org .biz .info) . Eurid accredited registrar (.eu). Level One Afnic accredited registrar (.fr .re).
Leading European manufacturer and supplier of industrial, embedded, rugged mobile systems.
Electronic shelter integration.
International center for research and development in micro-electronics design.
Marketing and maintenance of photocopiers and fax machines
Digital mapping, production of digital geographical datas
Installation, management and integration of communication networks.
Insight SiP is specializing in the creation and sale of highly integrated electronic components for the wireless market, on a System-in-Package (SiP) approach.
Intel in Sophia Antipolis is home to the Intel Worldwide Telecom Certification and Engineering Team. The Telecom Certification Team provides telecom certification services for Intel products related to the public telecommunications network. This group is developing best-in-class Internet Edge products by integrating latest technologies into easily deployable solutions. The engineering design team develops ha rdware and software profiles for countries worldwide, also performing pre-tests for design validation. Computer networking. Worldwide Regulatory Certification
Information system engineering: consulting, architecture, systems and networks: support & maintenance, IT security, and computing development.
Software wender for database and integration technologies
Software services, networks and computing platform.
IPL Informatique is a company providing maintenance services for computer hardware and companies’ private networks, specialised in small & middle businesses, liberal professions and private individuals. IPL Informatique also provides trainings, web sites creation & hosting, clients and/or co-workers secured Wifi, video surveillance, telephony, printers & peripherals, cabling…
iQsim has developed a virtual SIM technology which can be used to free the SIM card from a GSM device. The product offer is built around the IRON Suite, SIM card management software and SIM racks, equipment which is used to store a significant number of SIM cards centrally.
Software development ISV
Underwater acoustics systems study and development
Council development, design, development, web integration. Writing, SEO, maintenance, training. Spip, Wordpress, web standards and Prestashop
Created in 2004 in Sophia-Antipolis, Janua is an IT service company in the field of free software that supports its clients in their migration plans and managing identities
Telecommunications, internet and multimedia services: Business development, sales and technical support.
Development and sales of petroleum exploration softwares.
Kapsys designs, develops & markets voice-centric solutions for personnal mobility & navigation
3D virtual world software design.
Telecommunications operator - ISP - ASP - Hosting
Notbook and Desktop Manufacturer.Development and sales of IT solutions and hardware to businesses and consumers. Specialist of Cient / Server in Linux and Windows environments
3D Interaction devices. Conception and manufacturing computer hardware
Specialized in the machine to machine market: distributor of M2M subscriphones in Europe, manufacturer of GMS/GPS products corresponding to the mass market
3D computer graphics engineering
Management data processing for small and medium sized companies and liberal professions: equipment, software, support, maintenance and training.
P.O.S. software & loyalty
Solutions for worldwide deployment of technology and content: Translation, localization of services, test.
Business and IT consulting company (management consulting, technology integration and outsourcing)
Manufacture of semiconductors substrates
Services and consultancy company specialising in IT and telecommunications aimed at serving local and international companies: flat rate and daily fee packages.
Telematics integrator associating telecommunications, satellite positionning and internet technologies so that to enhance human-to-machine and machine-to-machine interactivity. Telematics solutions are designed for companies who wish to launch an innovative offer (real time), complete (electronics, web and services) and customized.
Development of multimedia hardwares and softwares for digital music production.
Business development for revision safe email archiving system
Southern Europe marketing and sales management - Web-based software application to connect and manage the design supply chain, enables project team collaboration and IP distribution management and support.
Solutions to measure and analyse website audiences.
Research and development of softwares to improve early detection and diagnosis of cancers using a 3D medical image analysis platform.
Software development .Subcontracting.
Publisher of management softwares.
Electronic Design Automation: accelerated simulation and emulation of complex ICS. High-performance hardware-assisted design verification.
Marketing and sale of automated systems.
Consultancy and electronic subcontracting and assembly.
Micro-processing maintenance and cabling, sales and set up.
Sale of video games and related software for micro-computers
Research and development for internet infrastructure.
IT Security software and solutions editor
Design, manufacture and sale of all products linked to automatic banking systems
Marketing of parking equipment: access controls, magnetic badge readers, smart keys.
SMS and MMS push marketing software and mobile application
Software publisher. Product lifecycle solutions, project management and logistic support tools. Computer facilities and help in text acquisition. Websites' creation and hosting. Training: office automation, product data management.
Web hosting & housing - IT Consulting - IT Project Management - Networks and systems management
Neoditel is a independent expert in optimization of expenditure on telecommunications (fixed and mobile networks ,...) of large companies in France and abroad.
Hosting web servers - Managed hosting solution - Centralized backups
Software development for network management applications to organisations from all major industries.
Web hosting, dedicated servers, domain names management.
SSII: intellectual services in data processing domain (work control, work system and networks) and also in the 'private banking' domain and 'asset management'.
Leading company in innovative solutions for mobile marketing
Expertise in risk measurement for production sites
Small and medium business: computer services, consulting, hardware, software development, training
Experts in systems and networks infrastructure and their security.
The NextiraOne provides voice, data and converged solutions and services.
Development and marketing of software for the naval architecture and marine industry.
Sales and services around computing systems and related services: engineering, networks and infrastructures, security and telecommunications, data storage.
Design, manufacture and marketing of a comprehensive line of networking products and services High Performance Internet Solutions for carriers and enterprises.
System network integration and professional services in information technology.
Collaborative activity management software: projects, quality, process, documents, business intelligence
We publish an online application called Smartprofile , available both on ASP and on dedicated models, and wich enable companies to collect , store and exploit their online customer data through complementary models.
European technical services center. Silicone chemistry supplier for biomedical, aerospace, aeronautic and electronic industries
Data processing services and consultancy (laser printing).
Internet Services Provider
Internet services and solutions. Development of software products for large scale content distribution on the Internet.
Development, production and commercialization of electronic and data processing products: development and manufacturing of smart radio solutions for worldwide license-free applications, custom radio solutions in the area of military applications.
Open-Plug proposes a new technology which aims to simplify the development, configuration and validation of wireless phone software.
Operator services in fixed and mobile telecommunications
Monetics. EFT POS. Handled terminals for distribution. Touch Pos.
Information technologies. Data bases management systems
'Research in corporate telecommunication networks and services
Orolia is present in the largest satellite navigation systems, also called GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems), but also in many science programs, such as GAIA (Global Astrometric Interferometer for Astrophysics) and ACES (Atomic Clock Ensemble en Space).
Software development and sale of data processing equipment
Software services; design and hosting of Internet sites. Software development
Software services and engineering, temporary assignment, technical support.
Biometric access control
Electronics and data processing development, warehouse management in real time, European research and development center. Supply chain consulting.
PC / notebook, mobile Phone and Peripheral / terminal manufacturers a patented technology that simplifies the procedure of all internet network or the operator
Telecom operator specialised in mobile business solutions
Prexens help all companies in their Intranet and groupware projects with Microsoft Share Point 2007
Prim'Vision is providing a trusted service management to create prime time mobile marketing
SIVEA Group offers a wide range of computing solutions covering: data management, networks and Internet access, management applications, maintenance of computing systems.
Software house and publisher (product data management, reporting).
Design, production, marketing of software products.
PSI Electronics (PSI-E) offers comprehensive in-house design services and/or consulting services for all aspects of the ASIC/FPGA design process, including software development.
Enhanced telephony solutions focussing on the fixed mobile convergence for enterprises and service providers.
Online database server, documentary and telematic engineering.
Ricardo Group Development Center, First Ecommerce site and auction leader in Switzerland. But also a major player in the market for classified ads and online sales in four countries: Norway, Denmark, Greece and Switzerland
Software consultants and auditors, law expertise, and training.
Maintenance of networks - rent of computer equipement
Rf/analog integrated circuits designs
A specialist in electronic solutions for wireless technologies, RivieraWaves provides semiconductor companies with hardware, software and radio IP for their integrated circuits, particularly for WiFi, Bluetooth and the brand new Bluetooth Low Energy wireless technology.
'Direct marketing campaign supplier .Electronic documents broadcast services (fax mailing, emailing, mailing SMS, voice mailing). Highly qualifyed Database rental for Direct marketing campaigns.
Communication Service Provider. Europe's FAX IP solutions leader. High quality, value added communication services built on our worldwide Fax/Voice/SMS/IP network.
Development of Technical Electronic Docmentation Management, mobility and tracking solutions. Software publication, after-sale know-how, integration and hosting or ASP (Application Service Provider).
Publisher of management software under Unix & Windows NT, small & medium sized companies computerization (wages, accounting...)
Development and research center for ERP software (companies management software).
Radiocommunications, mobile phones.
Design and development of electronic systems and integrated circuits
Data processing services and distribution.
'Design and development of programmable automated systems and associated software
Digital local ad insertion, broadcast video server, vod-nvod movie systems (after-sale service).
marine communication operator
Software solutions for harbours
Production of telesurveillance systems
Software publishers: real time 3D animation of industrial CAD models. Training.
SEKOOA offers a portfolio of content and visual products solutions oriented
SENSeOR designs and manufactures sensors for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) as well as end users.
Computing and audit services.
Data processing maintenance and sale
IT Consulting company
Research and development Micro-electronic testing and assembly, research and development, engineering, and production of phone lines legal interception systems.
Competitive technology and market watch services, technology and market research, and organisation of business or cooperation events (workshop, conferences & exhibitions, study trips)
Data processing services: Consultancy, engineering, systems integration, network architecture, development, test, validation, maintenance (TMA/MCO), systems and network management...
3D real time software, 3D simulation engine, 3D software applications, 3D editors, 3D graphic
International Society of Aeronautical Telecommunications
SLE is specialized in Intelligent Transport Systems and performs the design, development, commissioning and maintenance of Automatic Vehicle Location and Real Time Passenger Information systems for public transport networks.
Development and marketing of fast internet mobile telephony, synchronization software for mobile phones.
Consultancy and training in Software Process Improvement (SEI CMMI), Project management, Risk management, Agile Processes, eXtreme ProgrammingXP, SCRUM,…Quality Assurance and Certification (ISO 9000, TL 9000)
Internet software company focusing on management and sales solutions for the tourism industry.
Training, consultancy and engineering in object-oriented and internet technologies - Editor of a UML CASE tool.
Services in the field of data processing: technical support, engineering, systems and network administration.
Services in the field of data processing : technical support, engineering, systems and network administration
Intellectual property sales for integrated circuits
Sale and maintenance of data processing equipment, industrial PCs, servers
Information systems engineering: consulting, architecture, systems and solutions integration, support & maintenance, application management, service centre hosting, dedicated software solutions, outsourcing.
Spaceyes handles the editing of the GEOimage Mapping Workshop, a tool for Earth observation image processing, and provides a full range of software-associated services (training and maintenance services).
Services and software in the field of vehicle location and passengers information
Sales of Xerox products
Industrial software engineering.
Research and development center involved in integrated circuits for wireless communications (GSM, DECT, PHS, ISDN, DSP, ARM).
Internet infrastructure software company focussing on automating business processes for niche markets
Software system engineering, software systems integration, specifications, design and implementation of information management services, third party maintenance, software package.
Research and development of electronic semiconductor components for the telecom
Research and development of network security related solutions.
Technical & business development center for very large scale integration electronic circuit, design services center.
Sysnetic Labs delivers online management and communication services for SMEs. Linux, Databases, VoIP
Datacenter, web hosting, secured connections and messaging, hosting and development engineering.
Training for front desk and telephone operators
Major player in the field of multimedia solutions, ranging from design, integration and deployment. TELEMAQUE is specializing in the telematics applications and services: WEB, AUDIOTEL, SMS+, MMS+, and 3G.
TEMEX is the European leader, known worldwide in the area of High Precision and High Reliability Frequency solutions for Space and Defense Applications.
R&D. Manufacturing and sales all electronics devices.
Engineering for power plants, systems and networking applications for industrial applications.
Acoustics and electronics, sonars, signal treatment
Consultants in data processing, integration of systems
Holding involved in sonar businesses (antisubmarine warfare, sonars, signal and data processing).
A leading supplier and developer of a large range of products and IT solutions for the marine industry
Software dedicated to the simulation of hot and cold forging processes: FORGE2, FORGE3, TFORM3, REM3D
Development of highly secure softwares for smart cards and terminals.
Access gateway development to small& medium companies ( data, voice & video services)
Design of software solutions for mobile televsion broadcasting (DVB-H, Wi MAX) and enterprise data communication over satellite links (VSAT)
Development and manufacturing of submarine electronic systems, for France and the export market.
Provider of service enabling software for wireless, wireline and Internet communications. Main activities: development, sales and customer support.
Company specialized in geolocation services for mobile phones, providing SAAS to SME's professional market and general public
European consultancy and IT services company
Development of digital video.
Management of public drinking water and sewage systems
Digital brand management services
Search engine marketing agency
Development of an innovative software solution for car industry & of a new generation of digital audio systems.
Voice over IP software solutions.
IT recruitment and IT services
Creation of web standards. Europen branch of W3C.
Internet services, web design, hosting, multimedia training centre.
Research and development of financial software products for banks, multinational corporation and investment management firms, international support.
Communication and Internet
Comprehensive solutions for multilingual content deployment, translation, localization, content management and publishing on paper or electronic media. Customized technology, turn-key project management. All European and major
Development of products and solutions for wireless Internet.
Development and sale of secure wireless technologies of the WIFIKI type
Development of web-based collaboration tools for the education market
The World Trade Center is a worldwide recognised, high quality and strategically located low cost business center with many years of experience in the business field. The WTC Nice Sophia-Antipolis offers its clients offices, meeting rooms and "company domiciliation". These services are provided in a pleasant environement where a mix of work and pleasure can be found as the center gives its clients access to a swimming pool, a restaurant, a tennis court and other services.
Yellow Tags offers a solution based on highlighted virtual tags placed in certain locations to enable interface with cell phones and GPS-enabled mobile devices
"Sophia-Antipolis is a very attractive region for any semiconductor company, for several reasons. The first one is that in the technology park of Sophia-Antipolis there is a solid tradition of analog and digital design, which is due to the presence of other big companies working in the same or similar markets, like Texas Instruments, Intel, STM and others. The second reason is linked to presence in the technology park of the Polytech'Nice-Sophia and other important schools.
That will guarantee our future growth since the region will always offer both experienced design engineers and you talents to hire."
•Business Unit Manager
Annual turnover: 3.95 billion euros
Nearly 50% of cluster companies have R&D operations
Fields of activity : Telecoms & Networks, Space Industry & Aeronautics, Software Engineering, Design Firms, Microelectronics, Multimedia & Online Services, Image Processing (2D/3D).
Leaders : Altran Praxis, Amadeus, ARM, ASK, Autodesk, Cadence Design Systems, Cisco Systems, DailyMotion, Dassault Systemes, Fortinet, Hitachi, HP, IBM, Icera, Infineon Technologies, Lagardere Active, Mentor Graphics, Oracle, Orange Labs, SAP Labs, ST-Ericsson, Symantec, Texas Instruments, UDCast, Thales Alenia Space, Thales Underwater Systems, Wall Street Systems,..
Success Stories : 3Roam, Centile, CSR Cambridge Silicon Radio, Insight SIP, Lumilog, OpenPlug, PacketVideo, Prim'Vision, Smartcom, Stonetrip, Verimatrix, VoIP Telecom, ...